This section of the Farmers National Bank website is designed to help you understand banking terms. If you are interested in receiving additional information in any of the products or services listed, please call us at 859-236-2926 or email us.
ACH Processing- ACH (Automated Clearing House) processing occurs between a nationwide network of financial institutions that send electronic messages, via telecommunication lines instead of paper (checks) to transfer money between two parties. The most common ACH transactions are direct deposit, pre-authorized debits, cash concentration and corporate to corporate payments.
Automated Teller Machine (ATM)- A machine that allows the customer to perform some of the more common teller transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits and transfers. ATMs are generally accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Cashier's Check- A check drawn by a bank on itself, signed by a cashier or other authorized bank officer and payable to a third party named by the customer. Cashier's checks are universally accepted.
Certificate of Deposit (CD)- A type of deposit account typically with a fixed minimum term and a minimum initial deposit; interest payments may be either fixed or variable. Generally, CDs offer a higher interest rate than other deposit accounts.
Check Safekeeping- The process of microfilming customers' paid checks. The microfilm is the official record of the transaction and is retained by the financial institution. Canceled checks are stored rather than being returned to the customer.
CheckCard (Debit Card)- A plastic card with the VISA or MasterCard logo, designed to give a customer access to funds in his/her checking account to obtain cash, purchase goods and services, or transfer funds from one account to another. The cards are accepted around the world wherever you see the VISA or MasterCard logo.
Compound Interest- Interest that accrues when earnings for a specific period are added to the principal; thus accumulated interest.
Credit Cards- A plastic card that can be used by the holder to make purchases or obtain cash advances using a line of credit made available by the card-issuing financial institution.
Daily Compounding- A frequency of calculating interest whereby interest is added to the principal each day then earns interest itself.
Direct Deposit- A pre-authorized system in which customers' government benefits or other payments are automatically deposited to their checking or savings accounts. Some types of Direct Deposit are social security, SSI, VA benefits, annuities, payroll checks and dividend checks.
Education IRA- An investment tool created for the purpose of paying for the future cost of a child's post-secondary education. Contributions and their earnings are tax-free when withdrawn to pay for qualifying expenses.
EFTPS- Electronic Federal Tax Payment System is a way for taxpayers to pay federal taxes electronically from the convenience of office or home. EFTPS interfaces with the TT & L program and is designed to replace the Federal Tax Deposit coupons with the electronic system. EFTPS offers two primary payment methods through the ACH network, and the taxpayer is in full control of initiating all tax payments.
Grace Period- A time period within which a depositor can withdraw funds from a certificate without penalty.
Individual Retirement Accounts- Two types to choose from for eligible individuals, the Tradition IRA and the Roth IRA.
Money Market Deposit Account- A deposit account offered by financial institutions that is designed to be directly equivalent to, and competitive with, money market mutual funds. These accounts, unlike mutual funds are FDIC insured.
NOW Account- A deposit account, similar to a checking account, from which the account holder can withdraw funds by writing a negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) payable to a third party and which can earn interest.
OnLine Banking and Bill Pay- Personal and business account information accessible through a personal computer, the Internet or ScreenPhone. The Bill Pay Service, available via these same devices or a touch-tone telephone, utilizes the ATM network to electronically pay any bill (excluding the Federal Government and IRS). Paper checks are issued when ACH payments are not available.
Overdraft Protection- A service that allows the customer to write checks for an amount over and above the amount of their checking account. Funds are transferred from their line of credit or other designated account to their checking account as needed.
Personal Identification Number (PIN) or Personal Access Number (PAN)- A secret number or code used by the account holder to authorize a transaction or obtain information regarding his or her account. Often used in conjunction with a plastic card or with a telephone voice response system.
Qualified Retirement Plan- An employee benefit plan that qualifies for special tax treatment under Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a).
Regular Savings Account- A form of deposit account with no legal limits or requirements as to amount, duration, or times of additions or withdrawals.
Rollover IRA- A type of IRA that allows employees who receive a lump-sum distribution upon leaving an employer, or upon termination of an employer's qualified retirement plan, to deposit all or any portion of the funds in an IRA. The portion of eligible distribution that is put into such an account enjoys the same tax-deferral status as a regular IRA.
Roth IRA- Contributions are not deductible but distributions can generally be withdrawn tax-free.
Signature Card- A form, executed by an account holder, establishing account ownership and setting forth some of the basic terms of the account and provisions of the deposit contract.
SIMPLE IRA- Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees of small employers. This Retirement Plan is simple to administer and offers contribution options that are both flexible and substantial; generally available to both for profit and not-for-profit employers having no more than 100 employees.
Simplified Employee Pension Plan- A plan by an employer to make contributions toward an employee's retirement income. The employer makes contributions, up to the annual contribution limits, directly to an IRA and set-up by an employee with a qualified financial institution.
Tax Identification Number (TIN)- The number used to identify an individual or entity for federal income tax purposes.
Tiered Interest Rate- An interest rate structure in which the entire account balance earns a higher rate once it reaches the designated level.
Traditional IRA- Contributions may be partially or fully deductible, but distributions are generally taxable.
Trustee Transfer- The moving of IRA funds from one IRA trustee directly to another IRA trustee, with no check being made payable to the IRA participant. This type of transfer is not subject to any time or frequency restrictions.
Uncollected Funds- Funds that have been deposited in an account or cashed against an account by a check that has not yet been cleared through the check collection process and paid by the drawee bank. Financial institutions typically place a temporary hold on their customers' uncollected funds, making those funds unavailable for withdrawal until the time period of the hold expires.
Uniform Transfer to Minors Act- An act that sets forth provisions for giving a minor an intangible gift (e.g., bank accounts, stocks or bonds) that results in income shifting with an adult serving as custodian. The custodian has direct control over the gift and can sell and reinvest proceeds from the gift for the minor with the minor recognizing any gain and/or annual income that results.
Wire Transfer- An electronic transfer of funds from one financial institution to another.